By Daniel Webster, dWeb.News Publisher
MISSION, Kan., Sept. 15, 2021 /PRNewswire/ — (Family Features) Around the world every year, an estimated 59,000 people die from rabies following a bite or scratch from an infected dog, according to the World Health Organization; almost half of them children under 15 years old. You can help your canine and human family members by taking preventive measures, such as vaccinations.
In large areas of the world, rabies continues to be a serious health issue. Of the estimated 900 million dogs around the world, the majority (75-85%) are not household pets. If dogs aren’t vaccinated against rabies in countries where it is still a threat, they could be at risk.
Many areas in which rabies continues to spread have limited access and vaccinations. Awareness and education about this disease is often low. These tips from experts at MSD Animal Health’s Afya Program will help you learn more about this preventable disease.
Know What Rabies Is and How It Gets Transmitted
Rabies is a viral zoonotic disease (a disease that can be passed from animals to humans) that causes fatal inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, not only in wild animals but also domestic animals and humans. The saliva of infected animals can transmit the rabies virus, often by biting or scratching. In up to 99% of cases, domestic dogs are responsible for human rabies infections. The distance that the virus must travel from the bite area to the brain determines how long it takes for symptoms to develop. It can take several weeks for someone to feel symptoms if they are bitten on their toes. However, if they are bitten on their face, the virus could be present in a matter of days.
Once symptoms are present, the disease is 100% fatal. Anxiety, confusion, paralysis, anxiety, aggression, fear, hypersalivation, fear of water, paralysis, death, and paralysis can all be symptoms.
Use Caution with Unfamiliar Dogs
Generally, it’s best to avoid approaching unfamiliar dogs. Dogs that are caring for, sleeping, or eating puppies should be aware of this danger. They may become startled or defensive if they feel threatened. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises not to run and scream if you come across a dog that you don’t know. Instead, avoid eye contact and remain motionless. You should be alert for signs such as snapping, growling, rigid posture, raising ears, raised hair, stiffness, and teeth showing.
Ensure Your Dogs are Vaccinated
Through vaccination of dogs, rabies is 100% preventable. It is possible to do your part and ensure your dog receives rabies vaccines every year.
Get Prompt Medical Attention
If someone has been bitten or scratched by a suspected rabid dog and may have been exposed to rabies, a vaccination can be part of the treatment. However, it’s important to immediately wash the wound for 15 minutes with soap and running water. This will help to inactivate any viruses that may have been inoculated. Your prior vaccination history will affect the post-exposure vaccination course. You’ll need to consult your doctor for any immediate medical attention. Find out more about preventing and eliminating Rabies at Afya.org. Share photos and videos on social media using #ForThemForUs to raise awareness and share information about rabies prevention.
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SOURCE Family Features Editorial Syndicate
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