The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that the Salmonella Oranienburg outbreak remains a mystery in its first update in 2 weeks.
It’s a growing mystery. With 592 people now infected in 36 states. The outbreak picked up 173 new cases since CDC’s last report on Sept. 30, and during that time, hospitalizations increased by 50 for a total of 116.
The investigation by CDC in collaboration with the states involved has not found a source of the outbreak. To investigate the multistate outbreak of Salmonella Oranienburg, they are gathering different kinds of data .
Illness onset dates range from May 31 to Sept. 29.
Sick people range in age from less than one year to 97 years, with a median age of 36, and 57 percent are female.
The true number of people who are sick in an outbreak is likely to be much greater than what was reported. It may also not be restricted to states that have known illnesses. Many people are able to recover on their own and are not tested for Salmonella. Recent illnesses might not be reported because it takes 3-4 weeks to determine whether a person is a part of an epidemic.
State and local health officials continue to ask people about what they ate the week prior to getting sick. The CDC is still analyzing data but has not yet identified a food item that could be a source of the outbreak.
Whole-genome sequencing of bacteria from 556 people’s samples did not predict any antibiotic resistance.
Samples from three people predicted resistance to one or more of the following antibiotics: amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, ampicillin, cefoxitin, and ceftriaxone, gentamicin, streptomycin, sulfamethoxazole, and tetracycline.
Standard antibiotic susceptibility testing by CDC’s National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) laboratory is currently underway. The majority of people suffering from Salmonella disease can recover without the need for antibiotics. This resistance will not affect the choice of antibiotic to be used for most people.
Food contaminated with Salmonella bacteria does not usually look, smell, or taste spoiled. Salmonella can make anyone sick. According to the CDC, infants, children, seniors and those with weakened immune systems are more at risk for serious illness.
Anyone who has had to eat recalled food and is suffering from symptoms of Salmonella food poisoning must seek medical attention. Salmonella poisoning is a serious condition that can only be diagnosed by special tests. Salmonella infection symptoms may mimic other diseases, which can lead to misdiagnosis.
Symptoms of Salmonella infection can include diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and fever within 12 to 72 hours after eating contaminated food. Healthy adults will usually be sick for between four and seven days. Sometimes, though, severe diarrhea can require hospitalization.
Alder adults, children and pregnant women are at greater risk of developing severe illnesses and life-threatening conditions. Some people are not symptomatic or get sick when they become infected. They can spread the infection to others.
Texas: The hardest hit are Oklahoma, Virginia and Maryland.
The distribution of patients by the state is Alabama 3, Arkansas 12, California 8, Colorado 1, Connecticut 4, Florida 5, Georgia 2, Illinois 34, Indiana 1, Iowa 3, Kansas 10, Kentucky 9, Louisiana 4, Maryland 45, Massachusetts 11, Michigan 9, Minnesota 22, Mississippi 2, Missouri 10, Nebraska 8, New Jersey 5, New Mexico 8, New York 5, North Carolina 11, North Dakota 4, Ohio 6, Oklahoma 92, Oregon 2, Pennsylvania 6, South Carolina 3, South Dakota 7, Tennessee 10, Texas 149, Utah 3, Virginia 54, and Wisconsin 24.
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